Research Articles

Permanent URI for this collection

Browse

Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 28
  • Item
    Gender based violence and public health consequences among refugees in Uganda
    (AJPO Journals, 2024-03-20) Nalunga, Joyce; Rukanyangira, Nazarious; Kiyingi, Pio Frank
    The current study was undertaken to establish the influence of gender based violence on public health consequences among refugees in Uganda. The main objective was to ascertain the influence of gender based violence on public health consequences among refugees in Uganda. In an effort to address the set objective, a cross-sectional survey design which followed both quantitative and qualitative research approaches was adopted. Quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used because they are complementary methods that work well together to provide insights that are both deep and wide. Data was collected from a total quantitative sample of 311 refugees. A qualitative sample of 68 of refugee stakeholders’ and officials from office of the Prime Minister in Uganda was determined by saturation point approach. The data was analysed at descriptive and inferential level, and later a Path Equation Model was fitted through Structural Equation Modelling in Stata Version 14.0. The key reference in the study is Sarfo-Kantankah, K. S. (2022), who avers that violence against women includes any act of verbal or physical force, coercion or life-threatening deprivation, directed at an individual woman or girl that causes physical or psychological harm, humiliation or arbitrary deprivation of liberty and that perpetuates female subordination. The overall result in regard to Gender Based Violence among refugees in selected refugee campcamp indicate that it is highly practiced (M = 5.32, SD = 0.88). The results also indicated exists there exists a positive significant influence of Gender Based violence on public health consequences of the refugees (r = 0.379). This relationship is statistically significant since the associated p – value of 0.000 is less than 0.05 (p< 0.001). The study concluded that that sufficient evidence substantiates significant relationship exists between gender based violence and Public Health Consequences. Finally, the study reveals that the biggest numbers of refugees are semi illiterate and this makes them unable to access any viable source of income which may give them or expose them to gender based violence and the associated public health consequences which result or impact the society negatively. Therefore, equipping these refugees with some skills may help them to be preoccupied with economic activities which will eventually have an impact on their life styles and hence help to mitigate the challenge of gender based Violence. The government and other refugees’ stakeholders should devise strategies to enhance the literacy levels such that the refugees may be able to understand and collaborate in not only reducing gender based violence but also be able to take decisions for which the refugee sector relies on.
  • Item
    Mediating effect of gender based violence on the fit of public health consequences and societal impact of refugees in Uganda
    (2024-03-19) Nalunga, Joyce; Rukanyangira, Nazarious; Kiyingi, Pio Frank
    Purpose: The current study was undertaken to establish the mediating effect of gender based violence on the fit of public health consequences and societal impact of refugees in Uganda so as to come up with a unified model for improvements in Uganda. The main objective was to investigate the mediating effect of gender based violence on the fit of public health consequences and societal impact of refugees in Uganda. Materials and Methods: In an effort to address the set objective, a cross-sectional survey design which followed both quantitative and qualitative research approaches was adopted. Data was collected from a total quantitative sample of 311 refugees. A qualitative sample of 68 of refugee stakeholders’ and officials from office of the Prime Minister in Uganda was determined by saturation point approach. The data was analysed at descriptive and inferential level, and later a Path Equation Model was fitted through Structural Equation Modelling in Stata Version 14.0. Findings: The key references in the study are (Moretti, S.,2021) who aver that in accordance with Division of International Protection, Gender based violence is preventable and UNHCR is committed to promoting gender equality and human rights and to protecting refugees and other persons of concern from GBV as well as (Heise,2018) who had earlier found Gender based violence brings negative public health consequences thus impacting society negatively. The overall result in regard to Gender Based Violence among refugees in Bidibidi camp indicate that it is highly practiced (M = 5.32, SD = 0.88). The results also indicated exists there exists a positive significant influence of Gender Based violence on public health consequences of the refugees (r = 0.379). The study results on the overall shows average level of social impact amongst the refugees (Mean = 3.26) but with a very high level of discrepancy (SD = 1.07> 0.5) with some refugees and stakeholders reporting good levels of society impact. This relationship is statistically significant since the associated p – value of 0.000 is less than 0.05 (p < 0.001). The study concluded that that sufficient evidence substantiates significant relationship exists between gender based violence and societal impact. Implications to Theory, Practice and Policy: Finally, the gender based violence and the other strategies had a total causal effect of 11.57% on societal impact. However, the society impact referred to only applied to the current environment which did not promise continued Survival into the future. Given that fact the study has proposed the Protracted Gender based Violence Diminution Model (PROGBVD MODEL) which guarantees not only societal impact but also tremendous reduction in gender based violence to an additional 21.2% to make it 32.77% sustained reduction. This, therefore, means that if the new Model is adopted, the refugees will not only be provided reduced Gender based Violence for a short period of time but will get it for many years to come. The Protracted Gender based Violence Diminution Model (PROGBVD MODEL) is, henceforth, the current study contribution to knowledge.
  • Item
    Social reintegration and life satisfaction among Uganda migrant worker returnees from Middle East
    (AJPO Journals, 2024-02-07) Ssenjinja, David; Rukanyangira, Nazarious; Kiyingi, Pio Frank
    Purpose: The current study was undertaken to establish the contribution of social reintegration and life satisfaction of Ugandan migrant worker returnees from Middle East. Its objectives main objective was to analyse the influence of social reintegration on life satisfaction among Uganda migrant worker returnees from Middle East. Materials and Methods: In an effort to address the set objectives, a cross-sectional survey design which followed both quantitative and qualitative research approaches was adopted. Data was collected from a total quantitative sample of 218 Ugandan migrant worker returnees from Middle East. A qualitative sample of 25 managers of registered labour export companies and ministry officials in Uganda was determined by saturation point approach. The data was analysed at descriptive and inferential level. Quantitative and qualitative research were used because they are complementary methods that work well together to provide insights that are both deep and wide.The key references in the study are by (Nimkar, R., Savage, E., Tesfalidet, I., & Adugna, G. (2020)) who revealed that that having a safe, satisfactory and affordable place to live is critical to successful reintegration. Findings: The study findings show a poor life satisfaction amongst the respondent Ugandan migrant worker returnees (Mean = 2.63, SD = 1.53). Such poor life satisfaction were in terms of the returnees not being self-sufficient upon returning, poor intention to return guided by achieving the migration objectives, life not being close to ideal in several ways and rarely having a safe, satisfactory and affordable place to live. The respondents also reported not satisfied with their well-being, with life conditions of poor and rarely secure a means of livelihood. The respondents equally reported rarely holding a stock of incomes alongside the savings and to date not getting the basic things needed in life. The study concluded that that sufficient evidence demonstrates a significant relationship exists between social reintegration and life satisfaction among Uganda migrant worker returnees from Middle East. These results shows that the more the social reintegration, the better the level of life satisfaction among Uganda migrant worker returnees from Middle East and vice versa. Implications to Theory, Practice and Policy: Finally, the policy makers at the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social developmenteed develop a well-informed local understandable framework and strategy for assessment of performance of government and external labour recruitment organisations in as far as migrant reintegration programmes are concerned for enhanced social reintegration.
  • Item
    Procurement practices and performance of private universities in West Nile, Uganda
    (Business Management and Strategy, 2024-02-07) Hamiza, Olema; Ishaq, Amandu Yassin; Viola, Isaburu; Flavia, Bella Alwayo; Giovanna, Lawino
    This study examined the effect of procurement practices on the performance of private universities in West Nile, Uganda. Five private universities dully accredited by the National Council of Higher Education were analyzed. Using simple random sampling technique, a sample size of 140 employees was used. Data were sourced using a structured questionnaire. Analysis was conducted using both SPSS and SEM. The findings revealed that contract management is a significant precursor of private university performance. While unexpectedly, procurement planning and supplier selection proved to be statistically insignificant predictors of private university performance. Practically, this study will help private university owners improve performance by embracing practices such as contract inspection, documentation, relationship management, good communication and contract performance measurement. Additionally, given the need for improved performance of private universities in West Nile in particular, and Uganda in general, this study offers the understanding of a holistic view of performance from the procurement perspective and this is relevant for academicians.
  • Item
    Socio economic reintegration on the fit of migrant worker returnees policy and process and life satisfaction of Ugandan migrant worker returnees from Middle East
    (American Journal of Public Policy and Administration, 2023-12-22) SSejinja, David; Rukanyangira, Nazarious; Kiyingi, Pio Frank
    Purpose: The current study was undertaken to establish the contribution of socioeconomic reintegration on the fit of migrant worker returnees policy and process and life satisfaction of Ugandan migrant worker returnees from middle east so as to come up with a unified model for improvements in Uganda. Its objectives main objective was to explore the mediating effect of socio economic reintegration on the fit of migrant worker returnees’ policy and process and life satisfaction of Ugandan migrant worker returnees from Middle East. Materials and Methods: In an effort to address the set objectives, a cross-sectional survey design which followed both quantitative and qualitative research approaches was adopted. Data was collected from a total quantitative sample of 218 Ugandan migrant worker returnees from Middle East. A qualitative sample of 25 managers of registered labour export companies and ministry officials in Uganda was determined by saturation point approach. The data was analysed at descriptive and inferential level, and later a Path Equation Model was fitted through Structural Equation Modelling in Stata Version 14.0. Findings: The results indicated exists a positive relationship on the use of Social Reintegration and life satisfaction of the Uganda migrant returnees (r = 0.397 statistically significant since the associated p – value of 0.000 is less than 0.05 (p< 0.001). Results also showed shows that there exists a positive relationship between returnee policy implementation and social economic reintegration of the Uganda migrant returnees (r = 0.398). This relationship is statistically significant since the associated p – value of 0.000 is less than 0.05 (p < 0.001). The study concluded that that sufficient evidence substantiates significant relationship exists between socio economic reintegration and life satisfaction. Implications to Theory, Practice and Policy: Finally, the socio economic reintegration and the other strategies had a total causal effect of 92.8% on life satisfaction. However, the life satisfaction referred to only applied to the current environment which did not promise continued Survival into the future. Given that fact the study has proposed the Sustainable Penchant Socioeconomic Partaking Model (SUPSEP MODEL) which guarantees not only life satisfaction but also sustainability. This, therefore, means that if the new Model is adopted, the migrant worker returnees’ will not only be provided a good life satisfaction for a short period of time but will get it for many years to come. The SUPSEP Model is, henceforth, the current study contribution to knowledge.
  • Item
    Employee benefits and job satisfaction in faith based institutions in Uganda
    (European Journal of Human Resource, 2023-12-03) Rukanyangira, Nazarious; Nassolo, Belinda Kitata; Kitata, Paul William
    Purpose: The study was conducted on the influence of employee benefits on job satisfaction in Faith-Based Institutions in Uganda, a case study of the Church of Uganda¸ Provincial Secretariat. The study was guided by specific objectives as; to establish the influence of health insurance, to examine the effect of staff allowances, and to establish the relationship between retirement benefits and job satisfaction at the Church of Uganda¸ Provincial Secretariat. Materials and Methods: The study used a blend of cross sectional¸ descriptive and correlation research designs, with questionnaires and interviews as data collection methods. A sample size of 92 was attained from a study population of 130 employees. Findings: Findings revealed no relationship between health benefits and job satisfaction (r=-0.001 Sig = p = 0.990 ≥ 0.05); a weak positive relationship between staff allowances and job satisfaction (r = 0.253** Sig=0.015> 0.01) and adjusted R-Square value of 0.053; a weak positive relationship between staff allowances and job satisfaction (r = 0.260** Sig=0.012> 0.05) and adjusted R-Square value of 0.057; Basing on the findings there is no relationship between health benefits and job satisfaction while weak relationships exist between staff allowances¸ retirement benefits and job satisfaction. Implications to Theory, Practice and Policy: The COU Provincial Secretariat need to put into place a health benefits system and improve both allowance and retirement benefits so that both may make a bigger contribution to job satisfaction.
  • Item
    Economic liberation or economic distress: evaluation of Zimbabwe’s foreign exchange circus and its impact on the financial system
    (International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Growth Evaluation, 2023-10-11) Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi; Mawarire, Richard
    Zimbabwe's economy generates a large amount of foreign currency from a number of sources but the country is nevertheless experiencing a serious foreign exchange crisis. In spite of substantial forex revenues, the country is plagued by excessive inflation and currency instability. The study looks into how Zimbabwe's currency crisis has affected the financial systems. The interplay between the supply of money, the rate of inflation, the movement in the exchange rate, and spending by government have been examined to understand reasons of the currency crisis in Zimbabwe. The research was hinged on the interpretivist paradigm and a quantitative approach used for data analysis as predestined by the purpose of this research. Secondary data were reviewed for the analysis. Descriptive statistics was employed for the data analysis, correlation coefficient was employed to evaluate the level of interaction between the variables. The findings showed that the exchange rate between the local currency and US dollar declined from ZWL 24.60 to ZWL 810 between January 2020 and November 2022 antagonizing the money supply growth at the same period, from ZWL 36.27bn to ZWL 2.07tn respectively. The foreign currency premium significantly fell to 32% as of August 2022. It was therefore recommended that since the excessive expansion of the money supply through borrowing appears to be the main issue causing the foreign exchange crisis, the Zimbabwean government must reduce its borrowing to prevent fiscal deficits. Secondly, the government should intervene in the pricing distortions caused by numerous players as a result of the absence of a market-wide consensus exchange rate. Thirdly, there should be implementation of fiscal rationalization policies and adherence to the requirements of the Zimbabwe Debt Management Act. Further studies could concentrate on examining the macro factors that lead to this economic distress.
  • Item
    The Mediation role of workplace environment in the relationship between job performance and business education graduates in Uganda.
    (The Ugandan Journal of Management and Public Policy Studies, 2021-11-24) Mugalu, Ramathan; Mande, Wilson Muyinda; Rukanyangira, Nazarius
    The current study set out to assess the mediation role of the work environment in the relationship between business education and performance of graduates. A sample of 330 graduates of business education from Ugandan universities who were already employed were involved in the study as respondents. The key finding was that work environment accounted for 50% of the relationship between business education and job performance. In view of that, it was incumbent upon employers to ensure that work environment is conducive for employees to give their whole and their best. This can only happen if government incorporated in its employment policy, a requirement for employers to ensure conducive work environment.
  • Item
    Team-building activities and employee performance in government organisations of Uganda
    (International Journal of Novel Research and Development, 2023-06) Kateeba, Nabagereka Edith; Kitata, Paul William; Rukanyangira, Nazarious
    The current paper discusses the influence of team-building activities on employee performance in government parastatals in Uganda. Although there are various components of team-building activities such as internet activities, indoor activities and outdoor team-building activities. This paper specifically focuses on internet team-building activities and it asses its influence on employee performance in organizations in Uganda. The study conducted a comprehensive literature review in which the works of principal authors such as Bratton and Gold, Mayo, Cole among others were cited. The researcher employed a cross sectional survey research design. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from a sample of 113 respondents. The data collected was analyzed using the statistical package for social scientists (SPSS). The study revealed a strong positive and significant correlation between internet team-building activities and employee performance (r= 0. 865, p=0.000), thereby concluding that, internet team building activities are significant determinant of employee performance in Uganda. It is from this that the researcher recommends that recommends employers invest much in indoor team-building activities to enhance employee job performance in the organization.
  • Item
    Implications of informal money transfer systems on Kenya’s financial sector
    (AJPO Journals, 2023-07-01) Feven, Ecubay; Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi
    In Kenya, the informal money transfer system is widely used by its citizens, allowing them to make quick and easy payments across long distances. This system has bridged the gap between those with limited access to formal banking services, allowing them to make transactions without relying on a formal banking institution. While there are numerous benefits to using this type of system, it can also present potential risks to the economy and financial sector in general. This paper examines the implications of the informal money transfer system in Kenya, focusing primarily on its effects on financial sector development, financial inclusion, and risk management practices. A qualitative research approach was adopted for this study to understand the complexities and nuances involved in this type of financial transaction. Secondary data was obtained from surveys conducted by government agencies such as the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK). Other sources included reports on informal money transfers such as web-based searches on informal money transfer services, and databases used by banks and other government departments related to finances. Legal and regulatory frameworks that influence the use and activities of informal money transfer systems in Kenya were also be included. The findings showed that informal money transfer systems provided much-needed access to finance for many individuals excluded from formal banking services, leading to increased economic development opportunities. The findings further uncovered that the drivers of informal money transfers include low-income levels, traditional banks limited geographic reach, limited capital, and a lack of trust in formal banking institutions. As such, informal money transfers aided the velocity of efficient and cheaper cross-borders and cross-regions remittances. It was however demonstrated that although informal money transfers bring benefits to their users, it also carries considerable risks. It is recommended that the current regulatory framework governing informal money transfers needs to be updated to protect consumers from fraud and theft while still allowing them to access the necessary financial resources for their economic endeavours.
  • Item
    The Impact of work-life balance on employee work quality improvement in Nigeria
    (AJPO Journals, 2023-06-28) Solihu, Abdulakeem Abiodun; Iyobhebhe, Itohan; Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi
    The challenge of achieving a healthy work-life balance (WLB) is a persistent concern in many organizations, with only a minority of businesses taking proactive measures to address it. Consequently, it is imperative to assist workers in establishing a healthy work-life balance. The primary aim of this study is to analyze the impact of work-life balance on enhancing employees' work quality. The research attempted to provide answers to the following research questions: i) Does flexible work arrangements impact employee job quality? (ii) Do leave policies to contribute to enhancing employee job quality? (iii) Do opportunities for career advancement impact employee work quality? The study employed epistemological research design, which concerns the logical inquiry and acquisition of knowledge reflecting on the researcher's perspective on the topic. The research used an inductive and interpretive methodology. Secondary data was obtained from Google Scholar, Research gate, and other open Access sources, to locate relevant and current publications for analysis and interpretation. Publications from 2012 and 2022 on WLB, Work Quality, Leave Policies, Career Progression, FWAs, and the impact of WLB on improving work quality considered as search variables.The findings showed a significant impact of Flexible Work Arrangements (FWAs) on the quality of employee work. Additionally, a positive correlation was observed between employee work quality and leave programs. Finally, the study's findings indicate that career development opportunities impact the quality of productive work. Consequently, the research suggests that adopting Flexible Work Arrangements (FWAs) by business managers could lead to an increase in employee contentment, a reduction in stress levels, and ultimately, an enhancement in work performance. The study also recommended that organizations provide employees with adequate and unobstructed access to leave and opportunities for career progression, as this can lead to increased job satisfaction.
  • Item
    Impact of financial inclusion on economic growth of African countries
    (American Journal of Accounting, 2023-04-21) Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi; Amadi, Solomon Ezekwesiri
    The main objective of this study was to understand the effect of financial inclusion on economic growth of Africa. Although Africa is the second-most populous continent in the world with a 3.17% growth rate, it has the biggest proportion of the world's population without access to a bank, at a startling 45% throughout the continent. However, a growing number of Fintech businesses have emerged in Africa in recent years to address the issue of financial inclusion. With this advent, it was imperative to study the phenomenon and ascertain if there is any effect on the economy. Descriptive and Correlational Research Design were employed to explain and examine the relationship between financial inclusion and economic growth. This study adopted the quantitative research approach. Secondary data from Financial Access Survey (FAS), World Development Indicators (WDI) and The Global Financial Index Report from 2015 – 2021 were examined. The relationships were tested using Generalized Moments Method (GMM) that was preferred over the Ordinary Least Square method (OLS) because of its efficiency and veracity to work with small samples. The data was presented in form of tables and graphs. The results showed that financial inclusion indicators are positively correlated to the economic growth. Using the dimensions of financial inclusion such as availability, penetration, and usage, we can ascertain a positive impact on the economic growth of Africa at large. The outcome of the study will guide policy makers to identify the most effective strategies to achieve financial inclusion that enhances economic growth. While previous studies identified ATM and CBB as one of the highest financial inclusion indicators that aid economic growth, it is recommended that BCB with a higher correlation be considered too for economic growth. Therefore, governments should focus on building structures and systems that encourage borrowing to stimulate economic growth.
  • Item
    The Impact of tax audit and tax investigation on tax compliance of businesses (a case study of Lagos State, Nigeria)
    (International Journal of Novel Research and Development, 2023-03) Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi; Adepehin, Martins Ninilola
    The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of tax audit and tax investigation on tax compliance of businesses using Lagos State as a case study. The specific objectives of the study were: to investigate the effect of tax audit on the tax compliance of businesses in Lagos state; to examine the impact of tax investigation on the tax compliance of businesses and to evaluate the inter-relational impact of tax audit and investigation on tax compliance on businesses in Lagos state. Quantitative research methodology was used as predestined by the purpose of this research. Secondary data were reviewed for the analysis. Descriptive statistics was employed for the data analysis, and ordinary least squares method was employed to provide answers to the research questions and test the hypotheses. Additionally, inter-relational impact of tax audit and tax investigation on tax compliance on businesses was examined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. A deductive research design was chosen. The findings showed that the degree of tax compliance of businesses in Lagos State has a positive correlated to tax audit and tax investigation. It was advised that tax authorities conduct annual tax audits and expand tax audits and investigations to cover more businesses, particularly those operating in the digital economy and informal sector, and provide constant professional training for tax auditors and investigators to equip them for the evolving changes in the industry. Continuous improvement in tax compliance of businesses through encouragement and enforcement will assist the government in generating more tax-related revenue.
  • Item
    Decentralisation and education service delivery in selected local governments in Uganda
    (International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 2023-02) Twinomujuni, Rosebell; Buwule, Henry Musoke; Ssonko, David KW; Rukanyangira, Nazarious
    The paper was largely undertaken to explore the impact of educational decentralization on education service delivery in chosen Local Governments in Uganda. The results point out to moderate level of Education Service Delivery in Ugandan Local Governments (M =2.74, SD = 1.095) with a statistically significant negative influence of nominal participation on education service delivery (β = -0.514, p < 0.001). Results also showed instrumental participation has got a statistically significant positive influence on Education decentralization (β = 0.299, p<0.001) with administrative decentralization has a negative significant influence on education service delivery (β = -0.264, p = 0.003 < 0.05). Results also showed instrumental participation has got a statistically significant positive influence on Education decentralization (β = 0.299, p<0.001) with administrative decentralization has a negative significant influence on education service delivery (β = -0.264, p = 0.003 < 0.05). The study concluded that education service delivery remains crucial but with appropriate integration of administrative decentralization. Henceforth among others the Ministry of Education and Sports in partnership with local educational authorities ought to develop and institutionalize strategies that periodically strengthen powers of local authorities to allocate financial resources and as well develop regulatory controls in public educational institutions for enhanced education service delivery.
  • Item
    Service quality and student retention in low cost private secondary schools in Uganda
    (International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 2023-01) Kizito, Henry Nicks; Rukanyangira, Nazarious; Kwagala, Milly; Oroma, Annabella Asedri; Mugumya, Disan; Tapiness, Wanyana; Namayanja, Rehema
    This study examines the effect of service quality on student retention in low cost private secondary schools in Uganda, using the case of Low cost private secondary schools in Uganda. The SERVQUAL model employed by this study stipulates five dimensions of service quality measurement, but this study specifically focuses on three; notably reliability, empathy and tangibles, leaving out assurance and responsiveness because of the would-be complexity of the study. The study used a cross-sectional survey design, where both qualitative and quantitative paradigms were considered. Both qualitative and quantitative data was gathered, using a sample size of 336, including students, teachers and parents. Collected data was analysed using the statistical package for social scientists (SPSS). The study result was that reliability contributes 28.4% towards student retention low cost private secondary schools in Uganda, whereas empathy contributes only 35.7% and tangibles contributes only 26.7%. Therefore, the current study recommends that management should pay attention to service quality and other factors which may lead to student retention.
  • Item
    Evaluating a framework for implementing IT governance in Uganda’s higher institutions of learning
    (International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy (IJIDE), 2023) Ndagire, Lillian; Maiga, Gilbert; Oyo, Benedict; Basuta, James
    The reliance on IT in day-to-day organization activities raises concern about how to deal with its increasing complexity. Managing IT necessitates implementing IT governance to realize the benefits of IT use. However, there is a lack of suitable frameworks to implement IT governance. For higher institutions of learning (HILs) in Uganda, the case is not different; hence, there is need to provide a framework to implement IT governance in Uganda’s HILs. This paper therefore applies design science research principles to evaluate a framework for implementing IT governance in HILs in the context of Uganda. It was mainly achieved using a previous study in this environment as a basis. Framework evaluation was conducted using case study and expert opinion methods. Contrarily, the evaluation criteria was based on the framework understandability, ease of use, usefulness, and completeness. Results from the evaluation showed the framework satisfactorily implements IT governance in Uganda’s HILs.
  • Item
    The invisible player - the contribution of small and medium enterprises in the agribusiness sector on the Nigerian economy
    (SCIREA Journal of Economics, 2023-02-12) Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi
    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) around the world contribute to the growth of economies and promote employment, equitable income distribution and better living standards The research therefore was intended to evaluate the contribution of the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the agribusiness sector on the economy of Nigeria. The study utilized a quantitative analysis of published data for the period 2011 to 2021 obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin of 2021. Descriptive statistics was employed in establishing the causal relationship between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and agribusiness output (AbO). The findings showed that there was a significant positive correlation between agribusiness output and GDP. Equivocally, agribusiness investment also had a significant relationship on the Gross Domestic Product and vice versa. The study concluded that if national economic well-being is the primary goal of government, investment in agribusiness should not be sidelined.
  • Item
    Imprint of occupational health and safety conditions on employee commitment: A case study of Toyota Tsusho Corporation
    (European Journal of Human Resource, 2023-01-29) Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi; Owusu-Antwi, Joana Nshyira
    Purpose: World Health Organization (WHO) potentiates the goal of occupational health and safety as protecting employees' mental, bodily, and social health while they are working. Using Toyota Tsusho Corporation as a case study, this study aimed at examining the impact of occupational health and safety measures on employee commitment. Methodology: The study utilized a quantitative analysis of published data from Toyota Corporation health and safety initiatives report. Descriptive statistics was employed for the data analysis, and the independent sample test was performed to assess the study's hypothesis. Findings: This study found that management initiative and commitment to health and safety had a positive influence on employee commitment. It was also revealed that health and safety measures had an association with employee commitment and presenteeism level. Recommendations: The study recommend businesses to adopt healthy lifestyles and encourage employee motivation to lower presenteeism in both high-risk and low-risk environments. Policies on employee safety and provision of appropriate equipment that reduce the frequency of accidents, illnesses, and injuries should be the priority of management.
  • Item
    An exploration of the impact of mergers and acquisitions in the Nigerian banking sector: A study of access bank and Diamond Bank
    (International Journal of Business Strategies, 2023-01-28) Aitaa, Sam Kilimvi; Mabel, Oluwabusayo Ologesin
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of mergers and acquisitions on the financial performance of companies. Methodology: Two Nigerian deposit money banks, Access Bank and Diamond Bank were considered as case study to evaluate if they could perform better as a result of corporate restructuring when using merger and acquisition as a technique. The banks were considered because they had more than one M & A transactions between 2005 and 2019. The study carefully considered financial parameters such as return on assets, return on equity to draw conclusion. Quantitative research methodology was used as predestined by the purpose of this research. Secondary data in the form of published accounts were reviewed for the analysis. Descriptive statistics was employed for the data analysis, and the independent sample test was performed to assess the study's hypothesis. Additionally, the association between the transactions and the performance of the business was examined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Findings: The study found that merger and acquisition may increase a company's profitability but does not necessarily translate into increase in shareholder value. Businesses must manage the acquired assets and debts efficiently to increase shareholding value. With regard to the effect of mergers and acquisitions on the financial performance of deposit money banks, this study supplements the empirical data already available on specific financial indicators that improve post mergers and acquisitions performance. Recommendation: It is recommended that the acquired asset profile needs to be effectively utilized so that the return on assets and returns on equity is improved after the merger.
  • Item
    The mediating effect of educational decentralization in the relationship between citizen participation and education service delivery of local governments
    (International Journal of Innovative Science and Research Technology, 2022-10) Twinomujuni, Rosebell; Mawa, Michael; Musoke, Henry Buwule; Rukanyangira, Nazarious
    The current study was broadly undertaken to investigate the effect of educational decentralization on the fit citizen participation and education service delivery in selected Local Governments in Uganda. The results indicated a moderate level of Education Service Delivery in Ugandan Local Governments (M =2.74, SD = 1.095) with a statistically significant negative influence of nominal participation on education service delivery (β = -0.514, p < 0.001). Results also showed instrumental participation has got a statistically significant positive influence on Education decentralization (β = 0.299, p<0.001) with administrative decentralization has a negative significant influence on education service delivery (β = -0.264, p = 0.003 < 0.05). The study concluded a generally less than satisfactory level education service delivery and instrumental participation as a form of citizen participation remains crucial but with appropriate integration of administrative decentralization. It was thus recommended among others that the Ministry of Education and Sports in collaboration with local educational authority should develop and institutionalize strategies that periodically strengthen powers of local authorities to allocate financial resources and as well develop regulatory controls in public educational institutions for enhanced education service delivery.